Sunday, April 11, 2010

LA OTRA CARA DE LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS



13 BANQUEROS, LA TOMA DEL CONTROL POR WALL STREET Y LA NUEVA IMPLOSION FINANCIERA

Se trata del libro de Simon Jhonson y James Kwak recientemente publicado.

Estos son algunos comentarios sobre el mismo:

"Una historia poderosa y bellamente escrita que vincula la presente crisis financiera a un ciclo político tan viejo como la República y a una patología en nuestra politica que es tan profunda como cualquiera que nuestra República ha enfrentado.Estamos muy lejos de resolver la crisis y desesperanzadamente lejos de entender cómo podríamos curar esta patología.Lectura obligada para el Presidente y para cualquiera que se preocupe por esta República"


Lawrence Lessig, Professor of Law and Director of theEdmond J. Safra Foundation for Ethics at Harvard University

"Demasiadas discusiones de la presesnte Gran Recesión la presentan como un fenómeno puramente económico- el resultado del excesivo apalancamiento o errores de politica económica o de algoritmos desquiciados-.Simon Johnson fue el primero en señalar que fue y es una crisis de la economía politica.El análisis suyo y de James Kwak sobre el sacrílego entremezclamiento de Washington y Wall Street- un cruce entre la epoca dorada y una república bananera- es lectura esencial "


Niall Ferguson, Professor of History at Harvard University,Professor at Harvard Business School, and Author of The Ascent of Money

"En los últimos 50 años, la FAA, los fabricantes de aviones y las aerolineas trabajaron conjuntamente para hacer un altamente complejo sistema de trafico aérero más eficiente y seguro.Si te has preguntado alguna vez por qué en contraste nuestros reguladores financieros y bancos hicieron nuestro sistema financiero menos eficiente y mucho más peligroso, deberías leer este libro"

Paul Romer, Senior Fellow at the Stanford Center for International Development and the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research

Este es un resumen del diagnóstico:

"If the basic conditions of the financial system are the same, then the outcome will be the same, even if the details differ. The conditions that created the financial crisis and global recession of 2007–2009 will bring about another crisis, sooner or later. Like the last crisis, the next one will cause millions of people to lose their jobs, houses, or educational opportunities; it will require a large transfer of wealth from taxpayers to the financial sector; and it will increase government debt, requiring higher taxes in the future. The effects of the next meltdown could be milder than the last one; but with a banking system that is even more highly concentrated and that has a rock-solid government guarantee in place, they could also be worse.


The alternative is to reform the financial system now, to put in place a modern analog to the banking regulations of the 1930s that protected the financial system well for over fifty years. A central pillar of this reform must be breaking up the megabanks that dominate our financial system and have the ability to hold our entire economy hostage. This is the challenge that faces the Obama administration today. It is not a question of finance or economics. It is ultimately a question of politics— whether the long march of Wall Street on Washington can be halted and reversed. Given the close financial, personal, and ideological ties between these two centers of power, that will not happen overnight.


We have been here before. The confrontation between concentrated financial power and democratically elected government is as old as the American republic. History shows that finance can be made safe again. But it will be quite a fight."

Simon Johnson


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